A Puppy Distributor, is also called a Dealer by the United States Department of Agriculture. A distributer is licensed and inspected kennel facility where puppies are held. This is the middleman between the Pet Store and the Breeders that handle all of the paperwork and transportation details for the pet store. The staff at these Kennels are responsible for picking and choosing which breeders, kennels and genetic lines their pet stores would like to purchase from. They maintain the relationship and maintain all records for the pet stores.
What is a Puppy Broker?
A Puppy Distributor is a Kennel that buys puppies from breeders and resells those puppies to Pet Stores. Puppy Distributers are licensed with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) as a Class B. Which subjects these kennels to the federal requirements and inspections of the USDA.
Here’s how the United States Department of Agriculture defines a Puppy Broker.
“Individuals or businesses who sell or offer to sell or transport or offer for transportation, in commerce, warm-blooded animals for use in research, exhibition, or as pets must be licensed as a dealer. In addition, individuals or businesses who buy, sell, offer to buy or sell, or transport or offer to transport, in commerce, warm-blooded animals to or from another dealer or exhibitor must be licensed as a dealer.”
What Are Some of the Regulations Puppy Distributers Have to Follow?
Puppy Distributers are subject to all of the Regulations in the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). These regulations are strict and enforced at each inspection. If the Dealer fails to comply they cannot be licensed and conduct business. If a Dealer is written up for a violation it will become public access and in some states, can force the puppy dealer not to sell to pet stores within that state.
The AWA Regulates:
All Animal Housing
Sanitation of the entire Kennel
Food, Water, and protection against extreme weather and temperature
Maintain accurate and complete records of the sources of all their puppies
Written program of veterinary care by a licensed Veterinarian
Maintain accurate labeling of all puppies
Employ a full-time veterinarian
Plus many more
Why Do Pet Stores Need Puppy Distributers?
Pet Stores don’t necessarily need Puppy Distributers, in fact a lot of Pet Stores buy puppies directly from Breeders. However, Puppy Distributers make the transactions for both the Pet Stores and Breeders much smoother.
A Pet Store employee can make one phone call to the Puppy Dealer employee and get the availably of a dozen or more breeds from multiple breeders. This is much more practical for pet stores instead of calling breeders one by one.
Why Do Breeders Need Puppy Distributers?
Breeders who sell to Pet Stores, or both direct and to Pet Stores, will most certainty utilize the services of a puppy distributer. Breeders do not have to take phone calls from Pet Stores or handle the transportation of the puppies. Breeders have enough to do from taking care of their dog’s daily needs, helping the moms raise the puppies and maintaining a clean and safe kennel.
Where are these Puppy Distributers?
Well you’re not going to find Puppy Distributers in New York City, L.A. or really anywhere close to the East or West Coast cities. You’re going to find puppy dealers where all other animal distributers are, in the Mid-West, the central location of the Mid West allows puppy brokers to sell to Pet Stores on both the East and West Coast with ease.
Who are Puppy Distributers?
When registering with the USDA to be a Puppy Distributer you can have a license attached to an individual or a company.
How long do Puppies stay with the Puppy Distributer?
Depending on individual state laws this varies, some puppy dealers must hold the puppies at least 3 days, while other states it’s only a day.
Who regulates Puppy Distributers?
All Puppy Dealers must be licensed as a Class B and inspected by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). This subjects all Puppy Dealers to the federal regulations of the Animal Welfare Act ( AWA). However individual state Agriculture departments will also have their own rules and regulations regarding Puppy Dealers. To Find the regulations of Puppy Dealers in your state you would have to visit your states Department of Agriculture website.
When Can a Breeder Transfer a Puppy to A Puppy Distributer?
A Breeder cannot transfer a puppy until it is weaned and a minimum of 8 weeks old. Once the puppy reaches 8 weeks, it can be transferred to a Puppy Dealer, also known as a distributor or Puppy Broker.
What is the process for the puppies when they arrive at a puppy Distributer?
Upon arrival, the puppies are seen by a licensed veterinarian along with one to two vet techs helping. The Dealer's Veterinarian will do a complete and thorough exam which is great because this is yet another licensed Veterinarian seeing the puppy. They will examine every inch of the puppy and continue the record keeping. The Veterinarian will check the health and for any issues such as luxation patella’s, open fontanels, the respiratory system, and much more.
Once examined, the puppies will then be cared for by the staff of vet techs and dog lover employees who will bathe and groom the puppies. Which includes ear cleaning, nail clipping, flea and tick prevention shampoo, and etc.
The Puppy will generally be housed with the litter mate(s) until they are transported to the pet store that chose them. This will keep the stress down for the puppies and encourage normal behavior.
Until they leave the puppies are given free access to fresh water and food. While getting all the attention they would want from the dog loving staffs at these kennels.