Breeders that sell to pet stores like Martin Miller are equal to any other breeder. In fact, these breeders, because of who they sell to, have strict regulations to follow from several different governing bodies. Many Pet Stores Breeders are Licensed and Inspected with the United States Department of Agriculture. These breeders will hold a Class A License. These Pet Store Breeders will also be Licensed and Inspected with their own State Agriculture Department.
These kennels are state of the art in both design and technology and the breeders years of dedication and knowledge of dogs and breeding ensure that the puppies are in good hands. When you walk through these kennels you really get to see the attention to detail the breeders put into the facility to make daily tasks easy and efficient. You may see automatic feeders mounted to the indoor runs, giving the dogs access to food 24/7. Water can be provided in such a way that the dogs and the breeder never have to worry as water is delivered thru a spigot, similar to a water fountain, providing fresh water 24/7. Potty breaks for the dogs are not a problem since they simply walk through a doggy door to their safe, secure, outdoor area. The outdoor area provides extra space for when the dog feels like running around, laying out in the sun, playing, as well having a 24/7 bathroom.
Martin Miller may be a breeder who is licensed with the United States Department of Agriculture. (License Number:32-A-0388) Martin Miller is regulated under the Animal Welfare Act, which requires surprised unannounced inspections.
For nearly 50 years, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has enforced the Animal Welfare Act to protect animals from inhumane and neglectful treatment. Congress passed the Animal Welfare Act in 1966. The Animal Welfare Act was strengthened through amendments in 1970, 1976, 1985, 1990, 2002, 2007, and 2008.
The Animal Welfare Act requires that all individuals or businesses dealing with animals covered under the law must be licensed. Each Breeder will have a unique license number. (Example: 31-A-0010) The License number is a indication of the type of license and the location of the individuals or businesses. The First two numbers (31-A-001) is the state identification. 31 for example is for the state of Ohio. The letter ( A or B ) is a indication of what type of license it is. A is for Commercial breeders, while B is for Breeder/Brokers. The last four numbers are the unique numbers for that specific breeder.
During an inspection, the APHIS inspector must be given full access to all areas where regulated animals are kept as well as to all records required under the Animal Welfare Act and regulations. A responsible adult, over the age of 18, must be available to accompany the APHIS inspector. All regulated animals must be shown to the inspector, who may examine any animals. The inspector may also observe how the animals are handled by their caretakers. Dealers, exhibitors, breeders, caretakers, or researchers who interfere with the inspectors duties are in violation of the Animal Welfare Act.
Transportation of puppies is a big deal and it’s no wonder they are regulated just as heavily as the breeders the puppies are coming from. These high tech mobile kennels have all the basic amenities a puppy could want during his or her travel. Plus, each trip will have a Vet Tech on board to give specific care to each individual puppy on board.
How Are Pet Store Puppies Transported?
Breeders and Distributers use transportation companies that specialize in the transportation of puppies. These transportation companies have mobile kennel vehicles with custom kennels for the safety and comfort of the puppies. Each mobile kennel has their own route which will delivery to several pet stores in that area.
Who Drives the Mobile Kennels?
Depending on the size of the mobile kennel, some drivers have to have a CDL license to operate it. While other drivers of smaller mobile kennels must meet certain regulations
Who Cares for The Puppies in the Mobile Kennel?
Along with the Driver, each mobile kennel will have a Vet tech on board to provide everything the puppies need during their trip, which is basically 24/7 room service.
Who Regulates These Transportation Companies?
The United States Department of Agriculture regulates and over sees the transportation of puppies. These companies will be licensed as a Class T. These Class T Licensees are subject to the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) along with the Brokers and Breeders.
Are the Mobile Kennels Heated and Cooled for The Puppies?
Yes, these mobile kennels are equipped with on board heating and air conditioning to make the ride comfortable for both humans and puppies.
Do the Puppies have access to Food and Water during their trip?
The mobile kennel will have automatic feeders and water’s and have a built-in wash out, that washes all of the puppy’s messes into an onboard waste tank, so there is no smell and no mess.
How Long Do the Puppies Travel For?
Depending on many things such as route, weather, traffic and location of the pet stores, puppies that are traveling to a Pet Store may have to wait a few hours to a day or so before arriving at the Pet Store.
Where Are These Transportation Companies Located?
Like any business, these transportation companies will be located closest to their customers.
Quick Facts About Pet Store Puppies
● Puppies from Pet Stores receive more veterinary care and over sight during the 1st 12 weeks of age than any other source of puppies.
● According to the ASPCA, Pet Stores are only responsible for about 2% of all dogs sold.
● Pet Stores can only source from Federally Licensed and Inspected Dog Breeders and Hobby Breeders.
● Pet Stores will guarantee their puppies, even if the state does not have a puppy lemon law.
● You can find puppies registered with all of the large dog registry s such as American Kennel Club (AKC), American Canine Association (ACA), and American Pet Registry (APRI) .
● Pet Store Puppies sometimes come from direct champion lines or proven working lines.
● The United States Department of Agriculture regulates the Breeders and the Dealer, as well as the Transportation company used to bring those puppies to the Pet Store.
● Individual States Agriculture Departments also oversee and inspect these Breeders and Distributers.
● Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration regulates who can drive the mobile kennels that transport the puppies to the Pet Stores.
● Local Agriculture Departments and Health Departments oversees, regulates, and inspects pet stores.
● Local Municipalities and Governments also regulate Pet Stores. For example, certain states require pet stores only to deal with breeders who have no direct violations during recent inspections.
Questions & Answers about Pet Store Puppies
What is a USDA license?
A USDA license is issues by the United States Department Of Agriculture which is a federal agency. Holding a USDA License means the breeder is inspected regularly and has a strict set of regulations to follow. The USDA’s regulations for dog breeders are the most strict compared to any other government in the world.
Are puppy mills licensed? No. The United States Department Of Agriculture requires the breeder to follow strict regulations enforced by surprised unannounced inspection that are documented.
Do you have to have a license to be a dog breeder? Not always. Local licenses depend on what town and state you live in. While being USDA license is only required if you have 5 breed-able dogs or more.
What is a hobby breeder?
A hobby breeder is a unlicensed breeder who does not meet their towns, states or USDA’s regulation to be licensed.
Is backyard breeding illegal?
No, the overwhelming majority of breeders breed on their property. Making them a backyard breeder.
Whats a backyard breeder?
Breeders who breed in their backyard or on their property.
What is a pet broker?
A pet broker is a middleman between a breeder and a retailer. Such as a pet store, website or individual.
What is a reputable breeder?
A reputable breeder is someone who follows their state and federal guidelines and licensing process.
What percent of puppies come from puppy mills?
No one knows. Keep it moving.
Do all pet stores use puppy mills?
No, in fact most pet stores do not source their puppies from puppy mills.
Breeder Inspection Check List
• Housing – Animals must be housed in a structurally sound facility in good repair. The facility must contain the animals and protect them from other animals or extreme weather and temperatures. Drainage systems must also be in good repair.
• Ventilation – Animals must be provided with cool air or increased ventilation if the ambient temperature is above 85 degrees Fahrenheit or heat if the temperature falls below 45 degrees Fahrenheit.
• Lighting – Facilities must be lit well enough to allow safe and easy access for feeding, cleaning, and complete inspection.
• Interior Surfaces – The interior of a facility must be substantially impervious to moisture and be able to be easily cleaned and sanitized.
• Primary Enclosures – Animals must be housed in structurally sound enclosures that are in good repair and meet APHIS minimum space requirements. The floors must protect the animals from injury. The cages must be dry and clean and allow animals easy access to food and water.
• Sanitation – Animal waste must be removed and disposed of regularly and as necessary. Primary cages or enclosures should be sanitized at least once every 2 weeks. Facilities must not allow trash to accumulate.
• Pest Control – Facility managers must have an effective program to control insects, ectoparasites, and avian and mammalian pests.
• Feeding and Watering – Animals must be provided with nutritious, palatable food that is free from contamination, properly stored, and served in a clean receptacle. Potable water must be made available twice daily for 1 hour if it is not available all the time.
• Outdoor Shelter – Animals must be protected from sunlight, precipitation, and extreme temperatures.
• Compatibility – Female animals in heat must be separated from male animals except for breeding purposes. Animals with vicious dispositions should be housed apart from other animals. Puppies and kittens should be separated from adult animals other than their mothers. Different species of animals should not be housed together unless compatible.
• Record Keeping – Facility managers must maintain accurate and complete records of the sources of all animals that come into their possession. Managers are also required to keep records of the dates of acquisition and disposition and to properly identify the animals on the premises. These records must be made available for inspection whenever necessary.
• Adequate Veterinary Care – Programs of disease control and prevention, euthanasia, and veterinary care must be established and maintained under the supervision and assistance of a veterinarian. A caretaker also must observe the animals daily.
• Handling – Every licensee is required to handle animals properly at all times whether he or she is petting, working, feeding, crating, performing, or transferring them.
• Transportation – Licensees and registrants are required to provide animals with adequate space, ventilation, and shipping containers during transportation. Most animals transported must be weaned and at least 8 weeks old.
Pet Store Puppies Are the only Source of Puppies that have mandatory Health Warrantees
Pet Store Puppies are the only puppies available for sale that come with mandatory health warrantees over seen by the state where they are sold. Below you will find the mandatory health warrantees offer from Pet Stores in each state. This information was collected by the American Veterinary Medical Association.
Animal Rights Lies
Animal Rights Groups and Rescue Groups who profit when there is less Pet Stores use horrible images to lie and manipulate the public into thinking Pet Store Puppies come from substandard Breeders.
Take a look at the pictures below. These are common pictures used against pet stores however none of them were photographed at kennels that supply pet stores. Furthermore, these breeders are not even in the United States. If you want to see the actually breeding facilities that supply pet stores visit Breeder Pictures
Why Would A Responsible Breeder Sell To A Pet Store?
A Journey of a Pet Store Puppies ( From Breeder to Broker To Transport to Pet Store)
The video you are about to watch is just a sample of just one type of a very diverse group of USDA licensed breeders, distributers and pet shops currently in the USA. By no means is it meant to depict ALL USDA breeders, distributers or pet shops, since they are as diverse a group as the hundreds of different breeds of dogs that they may raise or sell. Since USDA only requires breeders to be licensed if they have four or more breeding females, or don’t deal directly with the consumer in a face to face transaction due to shipping their pups by plane or auto, many USDA licensed breeders may keep their dogs in their home or in a small kennel in their backyard. There are also many variables depending upon individual state requirements that may exceed USDA licensing requirements and the weather conditions of the area of the country which would reflect how the breeder decides to raise their dogs. Remember, USDA licensing is for ANY breeder that has FOUR or more breeding females and does not meet the consumer in person when selling the puppy. EXAMPLE: If you live in New York and speak with a very well known, highly regarded breeder of Champion dogs in California and decide to purchase a puppy, even though you haven’t met the breeder and that puppy is going to be shipped to you through an airline, that breeder must be USDA licensed if he/she has only four female dogs living in their home. A “kennel” building is not necessary to be a USDA licensed breeder!!!
Breeder Name: Martin Miller
USDA Number: 32-A-0388
Address: 3205 N 425 W, LaGrange, IN, 46761, US
State License Number: